The ongoing persecution of LGBT asylum seekers must end! Where is the outrage?

 

In the past two weeks, two separate reports have highlighted the ongoing persecution of LGBT asylum seekers in the United States and the United Kingdom. On October 26, Stonewall and the UK Lesbian and Gay Immigration Group, or UKLGIG, released No Safe Refuge: Experiences of LGBT Asylum Seekers in Detention. On the same day, the Center for American Progress released its finding, “ICE Officers Overwhelmingly Use Their Discretion to Detain LGBT Immigrants.” While the research of both organizations is both urgent and important and the stories are all too familiarly heartrending, the only new piece in both reports is that the abuse of LGBT asylum seekers is intensifying and expanding, and even that is not really new, since the pattern has been ongoing for some time now. Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender individuals travel great journeys to arrive at something like haven or sanctuary, and they are increasingly thrown into cages where they are rendered ever more vulnerable. Consider a cursory examination of the past five years.

Brenda Namigadde fled Uganda in 2003 after her house was destroyed and her life was threatened … because her life partner was a woman. Namigadde fled to the United Kingdom, where she sought asylum. In 2011, she was turned down, because of insufficient proof of `being lesbian’. Namigadde was sent to Yarl’s Wood, where she awaited, in terror, to be deported to Uganda. Thanks to an international campaign and the murder of David Kato just days before her scheduled deportation flight, Brenda Namigadde’s case was re-opened.

Also in 2011, Betty Tibikawa, a Ugandan lesbian who applied for asylum in the United Kingdom, was turned down and thrown in Yarl’s Wood. Betty Tibikawa’s family had disowned her. The infamous Ugandan tabloid, the Red Pepper, identified Tibikawa as lesbian, and so extended the threat to her life and well being. And she had been tortured. Having just graduated from high school, Betty Tibikawa was preparing to go to university in Kampala when three men abducted her. They took her to an abandoned building and branded her thighs with a hot iron. They left her unconscious. She remained at home, in bed, for two months. In the home of the family that then disowned her for being lesbian. Betty Tibikawa was deemed insufficiently lesbian for asylum.

Jackie Nanyonjo died in Kampala, Uganda, March 8, 2013. Jackie Nanyonjo was a lesbian who fled Uganda, made it to England, and applied for asylum. Jackie Nanyonjo fought for the rights, power and dignity of women, LGBTI individuals and communities, lesbians, asylum seekers. She fought for those rights on the streets; in the cells and corridors of Yarl’s Wood; and in the airplane that took her back to Kampala. When she arrived in Kampala, she went into hiding. She didn’t contact members of the organized LGBT rights communities, most likely because of the pogroms against lesbians and gays and their organizations. And so she died in hiding.

In 2014, Aidah Asaba, a Ugandan lesbian asylum seeker in England, was thrown into Yarl’s Wood, again for insufficient lesbianism. While Aidah Asaba sat in Yarl’s Wood, openly lesbian Anne Nasozzi was taken from Yarl’s Wood and deported to Uganda.

In 2014, the United Kingdom tried to crush Nigerian lesbian, feminist, asylum seeker Aderonke Apata. They threw her into Yarl’s Wood. She organized and mobilized. They tried to cast doubt on her claim of being a lesbian. She looked at them with pity, and then provided evidence. They tried to silence her. She founded Manchester Migrant Solidarity, aka MiSol, “a convergence space for migrants (including asylum seekers, economic migrants etc.) and non-migrants, offering practical and social activities for mutual support, empowerment and solidarity.” Today, Aderonke Apata is still organizing across England, surrounded by the ghosts of sisters sent off and the voices of sisters inside.

The stories in the United States, such as that of Sulma Franco, a 31-year-old LGBT activist, are equally disgraceful and disturbing. Except that the State is neither disgraced nor disturbed, and therein lies the tragedy. There have been and will be reports, thoroughly researched and nothing short of tragic. And through the long trek of reports, the situation worsens. Proportionately more lesbian, gay, bi, and trans asylum seekers are incarcerated, and in raw numbers more LGBT asylum seekers are behind bars. The persecution intensifies as it expands. There is still little to no concern among the magistrates and judges, and little to less than no training among the staff, and so the violations continue, intensify and expand.

Where is the outrage? Why must vulnerable people, and in particular lesbian and transgender women, go through the heroics of Aderonke Apata or Sulma Franco in order to secure a modicum of dignity and respect from the State? How many stories of torture and trauma will it take before we close this era of witch trials?

 

 

(Image Credit 1: Center for American Progress) (Image Credit 2: Stonewall)

Aidah Asaba, “Sana” and the witch trials of Yarl’s Wood

 

Aidah Asaba, a Ugandan lesbian seeking asylum in the United Kingdom, and a woman called “Sana”, a domestic violence survivor from Pakistan seeking asylum in the United Kingdom, are among the most recent subjects of the witch trials of Yarl’s Wood. So are Leah and Tilia, and so many others whose names recede into the background.

In the past couple weeks, Aidah Asaba and “Sana” have sort of directed some attention back on the so-called `secret world of immigration removal.” It’s not secret, and these women are not simply `immigrants’. They are asylum seekers, whose very status should imply a test case for our collective and individual humanity.

Instead, what happens in Yarl’s Wood is a witch trial that extends to the entirety of the country, in this instance the United Kingdom, and beyond that to the entire world in which women who seek asylum are deemed criminal. What happens to lesbians seeking asylum? What happens to women fleeing household, family and community violence? They ask for asylum, and they are tortured. Sometimes swiftly, more often than not slowly and by degrees.

This is not about Serco, which runs Yarl’s Wood, although certainly has much to answer for. This is about the entire system that recognizes and identifies a group of women as “the most vulnerable” and then proceeds to torture them. In a recent scholarly journal book review, a writer noted, “Anyone who has visited Yarl’s Wood detention centre in Bedfordshire knows that asylum seekers are virtually imprisoned as they await the result of their cases, and live under dreadful conditions with risks of malnutrition and sexual assault every day.”

There is no secret. Anyone who has visited knows, and everyone who can read does as well. Now that, after much struggle, some women’s stories are beginning to emerge, some are claiming shock and calling for inquiries. Now we hear the women’s stories of the sexual predators who rule Yarl’s Wood. Now we hear, from a former official, that over half the women in Yarl’s Wood engage in self harm, and that many women have been deported with little or no mental health assessments, much less care. Now we hear … exactly what we heard before.

Aidah Asaba was released, for how long is unclear, from Yarl’s Wood on Friday, while the Home Office `reviews’ her case. She was supposed to be deported over the weekend. `Sana’ is out of Yarl’s Wood, and living somewhere in the north of England. She talks of the abuse, and evidences the trauma: “We are not criminals. They are treating us like animals.”

Sadly, no, not like animals. They are treating you as they treat Asian women, African women, women of color, women seeking help. And by “they”, I mean “we.”

 

(Photo Credit: Ruth Whitworth / Demotix / Corbis / Guardian)